A training on the regulatory control over nuclear facility decommissioning arranged by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Lithuanian State Nuclear Power Safety Inspectorate (VATESI) was held in Vilnius (Lithuania) in May 2019.
“Decommissioning is one of the life cycles of a nuclear installation that is similar to the construction and commissioning and operation”, the expert of the State Scientific and Technical Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety Mykola Sapon explained. It is necessary to prepare for decommissioning in advance. This should be planned in nuclear facility design and commissioning. Such plans should consider radwaste management, financial aspects of decommissioning, interaction between the regulator and the operator, communication with the public, etc.”
The regulation on nuclear facility decommissioning is currently under development in Ukraine, so the experience of different countries and the IAEA standards will be used to develop a national document.
“Considering the Ukrainian reality, the gained knowledge in planning of the required measures during nuclear facility decommissioning will be needed in the near future,” Mykola Sapon added.
The training course was developed by IAEA experts and was aimed at training of experts of the regulatory authorities in planning and mastering the skills in nuclear facility decommissioning. The format of this event is interesting primarily because the real examples of unit decommissioning in different countries were considered during the lectures and practical exercises.